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RJ Wilks

Clinical and Laboratory Features of Youth Onset Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
131–8
Synopsis: 
Patients from two tertiary referral hospitals were assessed to determine whether Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in Jamaican diabetic youth. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 22% of cases. Obesity was the most important clinical predictor of Type 2 diabetes.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the frequency of youth onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in Jamaica and the characteristics of youth with this form of diabetes.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

HTLV-1 Related Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour Patterns among Mothers who Participated in the Jamaica Breastfeeding Intervention Study (1996–2000)

Issue: 
Pages: 
35–40
Synopsis: 
There are deficiencies in the knowledge and practice of women at risk of contracting infection with HTLV-1. This study shows that knowledge may not be retained, therefore health education will need to be sustained.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

Cardiovascular Risk Profile in Caribbean Youth with Diabetes Mellitus

Issue: 
Pages: 
219–26
Synopsis: 
In this study, there was a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the patients studied regardless of their diabetes type. While patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were more obese and had higher blood pressure readings when compared with those with Type1 diabetes, their overall glucose control was better. Differences in lipid profile were no longer significant after adjusting for BMI.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of diabetes mellitus type on conventional and novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients, diagnosed with diabetes from two major referral hospitals in Jamaica, before age 25 years and with diabetes duration < 6 years.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

National Health Surveys and Health Policy: Impact of the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Surveys and the Reproductive Health Surveys

Issue: 
Pages: 
372–9
Synopsis: 
Over the last 30 years, national health surveys, such as the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Surveys and Reproductive Health Surveys, have helped to document the burden of disease and influence public health policy in Jamaica. It is envisioned that expansion and systemic integration of these surveys in Jamaica will serve to improve health and development.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Clinicopathologic Features of Breast Disease in Jamaica: Findings of The Jamaican Breast Disease Study, 2000–2002

Issue: 
Pages: 
90–4
Synopsis: 
The majority of patients presenting with breast disease at the University Hospital of the West Indies are young women with clinically benign disease. A low prevalence of clinically significant premalignant disease supports the need for improved breast cancer screening in the population.

 

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the clinicopathologic profile of breast disease in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 18 Jul, 2013

Activity, Adiposity and Weight Change in Jamaican Adults

Issue: 
Pages: 
398–403
Synopsis: 
This study, in a small sample of Jamaican adults, found activity energy expenditure to be highly correlated with degree of adiposity yet not with weight change over six years of follow-up.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Populations in developing countries are particularly vulnerable to the development of obesity in the period of rapid transition to a more modernized lifestyle. We sought to determine the relationship between activity energy expenditure (AEE), adiposity and weight change in an adult population
undergoing rapid socio-economic transition.

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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2013

Central Pontine Myelinolysis in a Patient with Hyponatraemia

Issue: 
Pages: 
382–4

ABSTRACT

We present a case of a 50-year old man who developed mutism and a flaccid quadriparesis within 48 hours of presentation to hospital with severe hyponatraemia. A diagnosis of central pontine myelinolysis was made based on the clinical features and typical appearances on magnetic resonance imaging.

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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2013

Diabetic Foot Complications among Patients Attending a Specialist Diabetes Clinic in Jamaica: Prevalence and Associated Factors

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.031
Pages: 
216–23
Synopsis: 
This study estimated the prevalence of diabetic foot complications among patients of a specialist diabetes clinic in Jamaica and evaluated factors associated with foot complications. Approximately one of every eight patients had a major foot complication (amputation, ulcer or infection). Associated factors were neuropathy, high blood pressure and longer duration of diabetes.

ABSTRACT


Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of diabetic foot complications among patients at a specialist diabetes clinic in Jamaica and identify factors associated with foot complications.

Accepted: 
01 Feb, 2012
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e-Published: 26 Jun, 2013

Prevalence of High-risk Sexual Behaviour in Jamaican Adults and Its Relationship to Sociodemographic and Religious Factors: Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007−2008

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.026
Pages: 
873–80
Synopsis: 
A third of Jamaicans report sexual practices that increase their risk of HIV infection. High-risk sexual behaviour was more common among men and younger persons, but was not infrequent among older persons. Being married, active religious practice and weekly attendance at religious meetings were associated with lower odds of high risk sexual behaviour.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviours among Jamaican adults and evaluate associations with sociodemographic and religious factors.

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e-Published: 24 Jun, 2013

High Risk Health Behaviours among Adult Jamaicans

Issue: 
Pages: 
70–6
Synopsis: 
A population based survey in Jamaican adults finds that high risk health behaviour remains common.

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e-Published: 04 Jun, 2013

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