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diabetes

The Alarming Increase of Diabetes in Bermuda

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.439
Pages: 
685–6
 
Accepted: 
11 Aug, 2015
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e-Published: 20 Aug, 2015

Medication Adherence and Health Insurance/health Benefit in Adult Diabetics in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.282
Pages: 
320-2
Synopsis: 
The aim of this study was to determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was diabetics who attended the diabetic outpatient clinics in health centres in Kingston. Two health centres were selectively chosen in Kingston. All diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinics and over the age of 18 were conveniently sampled. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was utilized. Health insurance/health benefit was assessed by this questionnaire. Adherence was measured by patients’ self reports of medication usage in the previous week. The Chi-squared was used to determine significance of associations. The sample population was 76% female and 24% male. Type 2 diabetics comprised 93.8%. More than 95% of patients were over the age of 40. Approximately 32% of participants were employed. Approximately 75% of patients had health insurance/health benefit. Among those who had health insurance or health benefit, 71.5% was adherent and 28.5% was non-adherent. This difference was statistically significant (χ2=6.553, p = 0.01). Prevalence of medication non-adherence was 33%.In Kingston, diabetic patients who are adherent are more likely to have health insurance/health benefit (p = 0.01).

ABSTRACT 

Objective: To determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
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e-Published: 15 May, 2015

Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.287
Pages: 
170–6
Synopsis: 
A cohort of 122 patients was selected via quota sampling and surveyed using a structured questionnaire to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice in relation to their disease and to compare these attributes between patients receiving or not receiving nutrition counselling.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice in relation to their disease among patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in one regional health district in Trinidad and Tobago and to compare these attributes between patients receiving/not receiving nutrition counselling.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
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e-Published: 06 May, 2015

Beta Cell Regenerating Potential of Azadirachta indica (Neem) Extract in Diabetic Rats

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.224
Pages: 
13–17
Synopsis: 
Neem leaf extract improved β cell regeneration but did not reduce blood glucose in diabetic rats.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the ability of 0.8% neem leaf extract (NLE) to treat diabetes mellitus by assessing its effects on blood glucose, insulin levels and islet morphology in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats.

Accepted: 
31 Oct, 2014
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e-Published: 05 May, 2015

Investigation of the Blood Glucose Lowering Potential of the Jamaican Momordica charantia (Cerasee) Fruit in Sprague-Dawley Rats

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.093
Pages: 
315–9
Synopsis: 
The blood glucose lowering potential of aqueous fruit extracts of the Jamaican plant species (Momordica charantia) was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. The extract showed no hypoglycaemic or antidiabetic activity. However, there was improvement in glucose tolerance of glucose-primed normoglycaemic rats during oral glucose tolerance test.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2014
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e-Published: 29 Apr, 2015

Hypertension and Diabetes Prevalence in Older Persons in Jamaica, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.065
Pages: 
416–23
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension in the older Jamaican population has significantly increased over the last 20 years. Immediate, short-term activities that target the individual are necessary if NCDs are to be prevented and/or be properly controlled.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
27 Mar, 2014
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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2014

Monitoring of International Diabetes Federation-recommended Clinical Diabetes Indicators in a Public Health Centre in Southwest Trinidad

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.026
Pages: 
566–70
Synopsis: 
A medical record audit was conducted within a public regional health centre to quantify availability of diabetes clinical indicators and to provide rates of disease control according to regional guidelines. Reporting patterns are improving but remain a limitation for patient management.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine availability of International Diabetes Federation (IDF)-recommended diabetes indicators in the medical charts of patients in active care at a public health centre in southwest Trinidad and Tobago, and to determine clinical status of the patient population according to Caribbean Health Research Council/Pan American Health Organization (CHRC/PAHO) guidelines for disease control.

Accepted: 
24 Feb, 2014
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e-Published: 20 Jun, 2014

Assessment of Limited Joint Mobility of the Hand in Black Africans with Diabetes Mellitus and in Non-diabetics

Issue: 
Pages: 
506–11
Synopsis: 
Limited Joint Mobility (LJM) variant of diabetic hand syndrome is assessed in black Africans with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) to characterize and determine its prevalence and severity. Black Africans with Type 2 DM have moderately severe LJM with a prevalence of 26.3%.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

Quality of Life in Caribbean Youth with Diabetes

Issue: 
Pages: 
250–6
Synopsis: 
This report presenst results from the first study in the Caribbean to assess health- related quality of life in a young diabetic population using a diabetes specific quality of life scale (Diabetes-39).

ABSTRACT

Background: As the prevalence of youth onset diabetes in Jamaica increases, the impact of this disease on Health Related Quality of life (QOL) needs to be evaluated.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

Effect of Moderate Ethanol Administration on Biochemical Indices in Streptozotocin-diabetic Wistar Rats

Issue: 
Pages: 
3–9
Synopsis: 
Moderate ethanol administration did not affect fasting blood glugose and HbA1c, but altered the lipid profile of streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Moderate ethanol intake may further increase the risk of complications in diabetes.

 

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of moderate ethanol administration on the biochemical indices in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats.

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e-Published: 19 Aug, 2013

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