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Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory II in HIV-positive Patients

Issue: 
Pages: 
374–9
Synopsis: 
The Beck Depression Inventory–ΙΙ is one of the gold standard screening tools for depression. It was validated in a sample of HIV-positive patients in Jamaica. The scale has reasonably good concurrent validity and acceptable discriminant validity.

                                                      ABSTRACT

Objective: Research on depression among HIV-positive patients has been limited by the lack of a valid and reliable measure of depression. This project addresses this problem by exploring the internal consistency reliability and the concurrent and discriminant validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) using HIV-positive patients in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Depression among Persons Attending a HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–73
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

HIV/AIDS: Various Issues Explored

Issue: 
Pages: 
345–7

 

INTRODUCTION

In this special issue of the Journal on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), there are various articles dealing mostly with HIV in the adult and covering a varied spectrum. This compilation of articles gives a broad view of some of the psychosocial and clinical aspects of HIV in the Caribbean and other countries eg Nigeria, Botswana, China and Greece.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

The Importance of Bone Biomarkers in the Diagnosis of Renal Osteodystrophy

Issue: 
Pages: 
332–7
Synopsis: 
A combination of serum biochemical markers might predict underlying renal osteodystrophy better than would individual biochemical markers. A predictive model using bone histology and biochemical markers can be developed in the future.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the association of serum biochemical markers in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Jamaica for early detection of renal osteodystrophy (ROD).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Renal Biopsy Findings in Jamaican Children

Issue: 
Pages: 
325–9
Synopsis: 
In 270 Jamaican children undergoing renal biopsy, diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis was the commonest histology observed. Hepatitis B caused 83.3% of membranous nephropathy. The role of infection in the pathogenesis of renal disease in Jamaican children is probably underestimated.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To document the histological findings in Jamaican children undergoing renal biopsy in order to determine the relative prevalence of varying types of glomerular disease in the island.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Clinicopathological Features of Atypical Nephrotic Syndrome in Jamaican Children

Issue: 
Pages: 
319–24
Synopsis: 
In this retrospective review of 157 renal biopsies in Jamaican children with nephrotic syndrome between 1985–2008, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis predominated. Hypertension, hypocomplementaemia, anaemia and renal failure in childhood nephrotic syndrome predicted more severe nephritis and should prompt nephrological consultation.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To document the histopathological spectrum of atypical nephrotic syndrome in Jamaican children and to make clinicopathological correlations which will assist physicians in identifying patients needing nephrology consultation.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Characteristics, Complications and Outcome of Patients Treated with Automated Peritoneal Dialysis at the Peritoneal Dialysis Unit, University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
312–8
Synopsis: 
Infection and cardiovascular diseases were leading causes of morbidity and hence intensive management of cardiovascular risk factors and prompt recognition and treatment of sepsis are recommended.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To characterize and evaluate complications and outcomes of the patients treated with automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Jamaica.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Clinical and Laboratory Features of Youth Onset Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
131–8
Synopsis: 
Patients from two tertiary referral hospitals were assessed to determine whether Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in Jamaican diabetic youth. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 22% of cases. Obesity was the most important clinical predictor of Type 2 diabetes.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the frequency of youth onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in Jamaica and the characteristics of youth with this form of diabetes.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

Personality Disorders

Issue: 
Pages: 
381–2
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Accepted: 
01 Sep, 2013
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e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

Chronic Renal Failure from the English-speaking Caribbean: 2007 Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
596–600
Synopsis: 
The 2007 renal registry include cases at different stages of chronic kidney disease based on the current guidelines according to the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Kidney Disease Outcome Initiative (K/DOQI) staging. There was an increase in the number of participating countries, with the addition of Antigua and Barbuda, St Lucia and Turks and Caicos.

ABSTRACT

Aim: Development of the renal registry to include patients at different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

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e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

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