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Chronic Kidney Disease in the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
464–70
Synopsis: 
The leading causes of bhronic kidney disease in the Caribbean are hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The incidence of these two non-communicable diseases is rising in the Caribbean and prevention methods must be scaled-up to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with them.
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

HIV Seroprevalence among Hospital Inpatients with Neuropsychiatric and other Central Nervous System Disorders

Issue: 
Pages: 
434–8
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the seroprevalence of HIV among hospital inpatients whose principal diagnosis was a neuropsychiatric or other central nervous system (CNS) disorder. The low prevalence in neuropsychiatric patients and the strong association with CNS infections are discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV among inpatients with neuropsychiatric and other central nervous system (CNS) disorders at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

The Importance of Bone Biomarkers in the Diagnosis of Renal Osteodystrophy

Issue: 
Pages: 
332–7
Synopsis: 
A combination of serum biochemical markers might predict underlying renal osteodystrophy better than would individual biochemical markers. A predictive model using bone histology and biochemical markers can be developed in the future.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the association of serum biochemical markers in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Jamaica for early detection of renal osteodystrophy (ROD).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Importance of a Renal Biopsy

Issue: 
Pages: 
270–2
Synopsis: 
Renal biopsy is an important diagnostic tool and it is imperative that as much information as possible be made available to the histopathologist.

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

The Prevalence of Personality Disorder in a General Medical Hospital Population in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.066
Pages: 
463–7
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of personality disorder assessed by the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI), the International Personality Disorder Examination Screening questionnaire (IPDE-S) and the consultant Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition-text revision (DSM IV-TR) instruments in medical wards in Jamaica is significantly higher than the prevalence rate of studies in other countries. The prevalence rate identified by the IPDE-S was significantly higher that the local instruments used.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of personality disorders in patients admitted to the general medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Response to First Line HAART using CD4 Cell Counts: Experience in a University Hospital in Kingston

Issue: 
Pages: 
439–44
Synopsis: 
The recommended guidelines were adhered to for the majority of patients and outcomes were similar to those in developed countries.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the extent to which the current practice for first line therapy concurs with the recommended guidelines and to examine the response of treatment naïve patients to first line Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at the University Hospital of the West Indies, using CD4 cell counts.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

The Mean Levels of Adherence and Factors Contributing to Non-adherence in Patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Issue: 
Pages: 
270–4
Synopsis: 
This study was done to determine the mean level of adherence and factors contributing to non-adherence in patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. Adherence was found to be sub-optimum in the majority of patients.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the mean level of adherence and factors contributing to non-adherence in patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART).

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e-Published: 02 Jul, 2013

Disclosure of HIV Status among HIV Clinic Attendees in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
445–9
Synopsis: 
There is a low disclosure rate among HIV clinic attendees. There is a need for prevention interventions focussed on de-stigmatization for both infected and non-infected persons.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to examine factors related to disclosure of HIV serostatus among clinic attendees in an outpatient HIV clinic at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Neurological Complications in Patients on Chronic Dialysis Therapy

Quality of Life and its Correlates in Chronic Dialysis Patients

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