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Hypertension Control: The Caribbean Needs Intervention Studies to Learn How to Do Better

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.073
Pages: 
1–3
Synopsis: 
Prevalence of hypertension is high in the Caribbean while control of hypertension is low. Intervention trials are needed to establish low cost, sustainable approaches that work in this region.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean and globally. It is responsible for 51% of deaths due to cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and 45% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, which are the leading causes of death in the Caribbean. The prevalence of hypertension in the Caribbean is high, affecting 21% of adults in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago, 25% in Jamaica, and 35–38% in St Kitts, British Virgin Islands and Grenada, contributing to the large economic burden from this condition and its complications.

Accepted: 
07 Mar, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Mar, 2017

Assessing Violence and Injury Surveillance in the Caribbean

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.402
Pages: 
328-33
Synopsis: 
A survey was undertaken to gather evidence on the frameworks and systems for surveillance of violence and injuries in 24 Caribbean countries. Each country reported some level of injury surveillance system; however, gaps were identified such that complete national data was not available. Such systems should be harmonized to produce more complete data.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the status of existing violence and injury prevention (VIP) efforts and surveillance systems in the Caribbean.

Revised: 
12 Dec, 2016
Accepted: 
03 Jan, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 31 Jan, 2017

Acute Paralysis and Neuro-inflammation in Jamaican Children during Zika virus and Dengue Epidemics of 2016

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.526
Pages: 
425-30
Synopsis: 
This case series suggests a unique clinical pattern of neuro-inflammation in Jamaican adolescents occurring during the ZIKV epidemic and questions the role of the three circulating arboviruses in the pathogenesis.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
24 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 25 Oct, 2016

Unravelling the Paediatric and Perinatal Zika Virus Epidemic through Population-based Research

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.454
Pages: 
239–42
Synopsis: 
Zika virus causes Guillain-Barre Syndrome and microcephaly. Clinical and laboratory diagnosis is complicated. Population-based research can elucidate ZIKV epidemiology, vertical transmission, fetal risks of maternal ZIKV infection and natural history of congenital and non-congenital ZIKV infection provided by the activities in “ZIKAction” research consortium, recently funded by the European Commission.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
23 Aug, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Sep, 2016

Incidence of Obesity and Hypertension among Hyatt Employees in Aruba, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10:7727/wimj.2016.215
Pages: 
75–79
Synopsis: 
This analysis of the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes is a critical aspect for the health care of the Aruban population. This study is a point prevalence assessment of these factors in a small subset of the population, hotel workers at the Hyatt.
 
Abstract
 
Objective: Obesity and hypertension, which are associated with cardiovascular disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM), have become a major health concern in Aruba. The present study was aimed to determine the incidence of obesity and potential hypertension among Hyatt employees in Oranjestad, Aruba.
Accepted: 
24 Aug, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Aug, 2016

French Support for Caribbean Medical Cooperation

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.145

The Editor,

Sir,

Medical cooperation plays a major role in the improvement of healthcare in developing countries, including in the Caribbean region. Collective action to promote the health of the Caribbean people was taken several decades ago through the formation of the Caribbean Cooperation in Health (1). There have been improvements in important health indicators such as maternal and child health, and immunization. 

Accepted: 
16 Jun, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 20 Jul, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Need for Policy to Reduce Sugar Consumption in Trinidad and Tobago?

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.165
Synopsis: 
With respect to the high prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Trinidad and Tobago and recent recommendations from the WHO on reducing sugar intake, this paper presents the case for the development of national policy aimed at reducing sugar consumption.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
11 Jul, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Jul, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Perspectives in Bioethics: Precision Medicine a Threat to Health Equity

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.074
Synopsis: 
Precision medicine is an important advance that can ameliorate the disease burden in Trinidad and Tobago. This viewpoint highlights some important ethical considerations if precision medicine were to be integrated into the public health care system of Trinidad and Tobago.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
07 Jun, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 14 Jul, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Glaucoma Diagnostics for the Clinician ‘OPEN YOUR EYES’ your Pivotal Role in Improving Glaucoma Care in our High Risk Population

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.090
Synopsis: 
Patients of Caribbean origins are known to have the highest prevalence of glaucoma globally. Despite this, patient awareness and education are low. Clinicians can help reduce the burden of blindness by the identification of high risk patients, an early referral to an ophthalmologist and by reinforcing modern glaucoma therapeutics both medically and surgically

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is the world's leading cause of irreversible blindness. Despite this, up to 90% of patients in the developing world are under diagnosed.

Glaucoma-related blindness in the Caribbean is an eye opener. The earlier age, advanced optic neuropathy, rapid progression coupled with education and cultural barriers all make for a unique challenge.

Accepted: 
15 Jun, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Jun, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A New Strategy to Increase Scientific Publications and Facilitate Research Uptake in the Caribbean

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.440
Pages: 
1–2
 
Accepted: 
14 Aug, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Sep, 2015

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