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Sociodemographic and Behavioural Characteristics of Youth Reporting HIV Testing in Three Caribbean Countries

Issue: 
Pages: 
276–83
Synopsis: 
This article examines HIV testing prevalence among youth as well as the characteristics of youth who report that they were tested. It utilized data from the AIDS Indicator Survey of Guyana and the Demographic and Health Surveys of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is the gateway to treatment and care of HIV infection, however, little is known about the HIV testing behaviours among Caribbean youth. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV testing and to examine associations of HIV testing with sociodemographic characteristics and risk behaviours.

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e-Published: 30 Jan, 2014

Chronic Disease in the Caribbean: Strategies to Respond to the Public Health Challenge in the Region What Can We Learn from Jamaica’s Experience?

Issue: 
Pages: 
397–411
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in the Caribbean within the framework of the global burden of CNCDs and provides recommendations for strategies to combat the epidemic within the region.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 29 Jan, 2014

Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation: A Case of Crohn’s Colitis with Superimposed Clostridium difficile Infection

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.231
Pages: 
675–7
INTRODUCTION
 
Accepted: 
22 Nov, 2012
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer: Toward an Evidence-based Approach Suitable to the Region

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.299
Pages: 
649–50
Synopsis: 
Rectal cancer is the most common site in the colorectal spectrum and many patients present at an advanced stage. Short course radiotherapy is proposed as neo-adjuvant therapy to qualified patients as it is less expensive, requires less time, has greater compliance and less acute toxity, without compromising efficacy.
INTRODUCTION
 
Accepted: 
30 Nov, 2012
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis in Grenadian Women of Reproductive Age

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.245
Pages: 
599–603
Synopsis: 
The three-year prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in women of reproductive age was found to be 19.5%, using retrospective data from the national Pap smear records for the period January 2009 to December 2011
ABSTRACT
 
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) among Grenadian women of reproductive age using the routinely collected Pap smear data for the period January 2009 to December 2011. 
 
Accepted: 
13 Dec, 2012
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in the English- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean: An Epidemiological Overview

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.050
Pages: 
489–96
Synopsis: 
The English- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean experienced three phases of the influenza pandemic, with most cases occurring in 2009. The majority of cases had symptoms of the respiratory tract, a quarter required hospitalization and the case fatality rate was 1.8%.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe epidemiological trends of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in the English- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean during the pandemic period.

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 14 Nov, 2013

Mental Health Policy and Service System Development in the English-speaking Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
475–82
Synopsis: 
There has been some progress in the integration of mental health policy and practice in the English-speaking Caribbean countries, however, much effort is needed to reform mental health legislation and incorporate mental health practices in primary care throughout the English-speaking Caribbean.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Molecular Epidemiology of Dengue in Jamaica Dengue Virus Genotypes in Jamaica, 2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
120–5
Synopsis: 
A study of dengue viruses that were in circulation in Jamaica in 2007 identified strains of DENV-1 genotype III, DENV-2 strains of the American, American-Asian and Asian genotypes while DENV-4 strains segregated into a separate clade from published reference sequences.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Dental Anxiety in a Sample of West Indian Adults

Issue: 
Pages: 
567–72
Synopsis: 
This paper describes data from the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale used among adults in Trinidad. High anxiety levels were reported for injections and having an extraction.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of dental anxiety and its possible causes among people in Trinidad and Tobago.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Progression from Prehypertension to Hypertension in a Jamaican Cohort: Incident Hypertension and its Predictors

Issue: 
Pages: 
486–93
Synopsis: 
Prehypertension is associated with an approximately three-fold increase in the incidence of hypertension over an average four-year follow-up period. Overweight status, older age and female gender are also significant predictors for the development of hypertension.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of hypertension in people with and without prehypertension and determine the factors that predict progression to hypertension.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

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