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Body Fat Percentage of Urban South African Children: Implications for Health and Fitness

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.203
Pages: 
582–8
Synopsis: 
School children in Central Pretoria, South Africa, have a high level of excessive percentage body fat, with girls having significantly higher percentage body fat compared to boys. Racially, black children were fatter than white children. The excessive percentage body fat observed among the children in this study has implications for their health and fitness.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To explore gender and racial profiling of percentage body fat of 1136 urban South African children attending public schoolsin Pretoria Central.
 
Accepted: 
13 Dec, 2012
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Foreign Body Aspiration in Children – A Report of Five Cases

Issue: 
Pages: 
717–21

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

A Randomized, Controlled, Open-label Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Chloroquine in the Treatment of Giardiasis in Children

Issue: 
Pages: 
607–11
Synopsis: 
This randomized clinical trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of two drugs in the treatment of Giardia lamblia infection in Cuban children. The authors demonstrated that chloroquine, for five days, was as efficacious as metronidazole in treating Giardia lamblia.

ABSTRACT


Background: Giardia duodenalis is among the commonest protozoan parasites in the intestinal tract of humans and may cause significant morbidity worldwide. Although there are several antigiardial agents, treatment failures have been commonly reported.

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of chloroquine (CQ) versus metronidazole (MTZ) in the treatment of children with confirmed G duodenalis mono-infection.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

A Plea for More Umbilical Stomas in Paediatric Surgical Practice

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.255

INTRODUCTION

Enterostomy formation is commonly performed in paediatric surgical practice. Many surgical procedures in infants and children benefit from a periumbilically sited incision and stoma formation should be no exception. Because of the superior cosmesis following closure of an umbilically-sited colostomy or ileostomy, ease of stoma care and economic benefits, periumbilically sited stomas are an attractive alternative for use in both neonates and children. 

Accepted: 
24 Sep, 2012
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e-Published: 11 Sep, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Rotavirus Vaccine Trial in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
405–7
Synopsis: 
Rotaviruses have been a significant cause of dehydrating gastroenteritis, contributing to infant morbidity and mortality in Jamaica. We enrolled 1804 Jamaican infants in the international randomized, placebo-controlled, pentavalent (G1, G2, G3, G4 and P1) rotavirus vaccine trial. This pentavalent vaccine was found to significantly reduce rotavirus-attributable emergency room visits and hospitalizations, without increasing the rates of intussusception or other serious adverse events in Jamaican infants.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Eliminating Vertically-transmitted HIV/AIDS while Improving Access to Treatment and Care for Women, Children and Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
396–404
Synopsis: 
Over the past nine years, Jamaica has made excellent strides to eliminate vertically transmitted HIV/AIDS, while reducing the HIV-attributable morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and in HIV-infected children. Continued successful transition of HIV-infected children through adolescence into adulthood will require a strong multidisciplinary team approach.

ABSTRACT

Background and Methods: To celebrate Jamaica’s 50th birthday after receiving independence from Great Britain, we summarize our collaborative published research in the prevention, treatment and care of paediatric, perinatal and adolescent HIV/AIDS in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Children’s Exposure to Violence in Jamaica: Over a Decade of Research and Interventions

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–71
Synopsis: 
This paper presents research findings over the last 15 years out of The University of the West Indies on the nature and prevalence of violence exposure in Jamaican children, related outcomes and associated risk and protective factors. It also highlights psychologically driven interventions that have been implemented to tackle this scourge.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Renal Manifestations in HIV-infected Jamaican Children

Evaluation of Paediatric Patients with Protein Losing Enteropathy: A Single Centre Experience

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.208
Pages: 
186–9
Synopsis: 
When proteinuria is not detected in well-appearing children admitted with oedema, protein losing enteropathy must be considered.

ABSTRACT


Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate paediatric patients with protein losing enteropathy (PLE).

Methods: Fourteen cases diagnosed as PLE were evaluated in terms of aetiologies, diagnostic methods, laboratory findings, treatment procedures and long-term prognosis.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2012
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e-Published: 26 Jun, 2013

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children in The Bahamas

Issue: 
DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2011.154
Pages: 
698–702
Synopsis: 
Helicobacter pylori infection is a common chronic infection in children. We report, for the first time, prevalence data for this infection in Bahamian children. H pylori infection was determined using the 13Curea breath test.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 01 Mar, 2013

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