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diabetes mellitus

Ultrasound Scanning of the Proximal Plexus in Diabetic Cervical Radiculoplexopathy

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.031
Pages: 
208–9

The Editor,

Sir,

A 55-year-old man was seen for severe neck pain, numbness in his right upper limb and right shoulder limitation for the last 2-3 weeks. His medical history revealed hyperlipidaemia, smoking (10 packs/year) and diabetes mellitus (DM) Type II. He had also been hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis one month ago. 

Accepted: 
13 Feb, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 06 May, 2014

An Update on the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Jamaica Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007–2008

Issue: 
Pages: 
422–8
Synopsis: 
This paper provides an update on the burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Jamaica using data from the most recent national health survey. The burden of cardiovascular disease remains high with prevalence of hypertension, 25%; diabetes, 8%; hypercholesterolaemia, 12%; obesity, 25% and overweight, 27%.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Mean Platelet Volume is Associated with Glycaemic Control and Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.284
Pages: 
519–23
Synopsis: 
Mean platelet volume (MPV) is increased in diabetic patients. It is associated with the degree of glycaemic control. Moreover, MPV is higher in patients with diabetic retinopathy.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between mean platelet volume (MPV) and glycometabolic indices, to compare MPV according to HbA1c levels, and to analyse the difference in MPV between patients with and without microvascular complications.

Revised: 
03 Jun, 2013
Accepted: 
24 Jun, 2013
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Nov, 2013

A Preliminary Investigation of Periodontal Disease and Diabetes in Trinidad

Issue: 
Pages: 
86–90
Synopsis: 
A preliminary report on the dental evaluation of diabetic patients suggests that periodontal disease may be quite prevalent in diabetic patients in Trinidad. Collaborative patient care between medical and dental practitioners should form part of the routine management of diabetic patients.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To describe periodontal disease status in diabetic patients in Trinidad.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Patients attending a tertiary referral centre for diabetes at an out-patient clinic were invited to undergo oral examinations. The basic periodontal examination (BPE) was used to assess periodontal disease status.

PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Audit of Sudden Deaths in the Accident and Emergency Department of a Tertiary Hospital in Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
Pages: 
61–7
Synopsis: 
Sudden deaths in an accident and emergency department in Trinidad and Tobago were examined. The majority of deaths were cardiovascular, followed by trauma.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the proportion of deaths due to confirmed myocardial infarction (CMI) and the aetiology of sudden death at the Port-of-Spain General Hospital (A&E) department for January to June 2008.

Methods: This retrospective study utilized the death register to determine the number of A&E deaths for the study period. Patients dying from MI were investigated using records to obtain ECG and postmortem reports.

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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Hypoglycaemic Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Management: The Predominant Adverse Drug Reaction Presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of The University Hospital of The West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
555–60
Synopsis: 
Drug-induced hypoglycaemia among patients with diabetes mellitus accounted for 56.3% of the adverse drug reactions cases and most of the patients had comorbidities and were on multi-drug therapy.

ABSTRACT

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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus in Jamaica and the Caribbean: A Historical Review

Issue: 
Pages: 
259–64
Synopsis: 
Epidemiological studies over the last 50 years have documented an increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Caribbean. Diabetes is associated with a high rate of complications, high economic cost and is a leading cause of mortality in the region.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Clinical and Laboratory Features of Youth Onset Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
131–8
Synopsis: 
Patients from two tertiary referral hospitals were assessed to determine whether Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in Jamaican diabetic youth. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 22% of cases. Obesity was the most important clinical predictor of Type 2 diabetes.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the frequency of youth onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in Jamaica and the characteristics of youth with this form of diabetes.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

Cardiovascular Risk Profile in Caribbean Youth with Diabetes Mellitus

Issue: 
Pages: 
219–26
Synopsis: 
In this study, there was a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the patients studied regardless of their diabetes type. While patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were more obese and had higher blood pressure readings when compared with those with Type1 diabetes, their overall glucose control was better. Differences in lipid profile were no longer significant after adjusting for BMI.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of diabetes mellitus type on conventional and novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients, diagnosed with diabetes from two major referral hospitals in Jamaica, before age 25 years and with diabetes duration < 6 years.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in an Eastern Caribbean Island: Prevalence of Non-communicable Chronic Diseases and Associated Lifestyle Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in the British Virgin Islands

Issue: 
Pages: 
429–36
Synopsis: 
Environmental and behavioural changes such as lifestyle related habits represent modifiable risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. National strategies should be implemented to control cardiovascular diseases, educate the population and promote healthy lifestyle habits in the British Virgin Islands.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

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