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Original Articles

Investigation of Metabolic Syndrome, Lipid Profile, and Levels of Apolipoprotein A-1, Apolipoprotein B100 and Small Dense LDL in Patients with Lichen Planus

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.134
Synopsis: 
This study evaluated the incidence of metabolic syndrome and lipid profile in patients with lichen planus. The indicators of IR including HOMA-IR and C-peptide values were remarkably elevated in the LP group and there were no differences in the levels total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, serum Apo B-100, and small dense LDL between the groups.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Lichen Planus (LP) is an idiopathic inflammatory dermatosis involving skin, mucosa, hair follicles, and nails. Increased insulin resistance (IR) and dyslipidemia can be seen in LP. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between LP and metabolic syndrome, atherogenicity, and dyslipidemia.

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

An Investigation of the Effects of Gross Motor Function Levels on the Nutrition and Growth Status of Children with Spastic Quadriparetic Cerebral Palsy

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.109
Synopsis: 
An increased gross motor function level in children with spastic quadriparetic cerebral palsy (CP) affects their nutrition and growth level unfavorably. Children with CP who are in a better state functionally are closer to the normal nutrition and growth pattern.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the gross motor function levels and nourishment and growth levels of children with spastic quadriparetic cerebral palsy.

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Historical Perspectives on Medical Professionalism in the Caribbean

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.106
Synopsis: 
This article explores the historical development of medical professionalism within the Caribbean region providing insight into the factors that have shaped our community of physicians and directions for future development in this increasingly important aspect of medical training.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Carbapenem Resistance in Gram-negative Bacteria in South-western Nigeria: The Role of Extended-spectrum β-lactamase CTX-M-15

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.122
Pages: 
344-9
Synopsis: 
A previous study by the authors identified carbapenemases as a cause of carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from Nigeria. There remained carbapenem-resistant isolates without production of a carbapenemase. This study demonstrated that extended-spectrum β-lactamases (largely CTX-M-15) with protein loss was an important mechanism underpinning carbapenem resistance.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the role of extended-spectrum β-lactamases in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria from south-western Nigeria.

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 18 Dec, 2017

A 20 year Survey of Antibiotic Resistance in Anaerobic Gram Negative Bacilli in Lagos, Nigeria

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.123
Synopsis: 
The 20-year data from four specialist hospitals in Nigeria showed relative uniformity in the antibiotic resistance patterns in Bacteroides and Prevotella to β-lactams, lincosamides and nitroimidazole. The detection of resistance genes correlated with the percentage resistance observed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The dearth of information on antibiotic susceptibility pattern of anaerobic Gram negative bacilli from Nigeria informed the retrospective assessment of resistance pattern amongst predominant species in the genera Bacteroides and Prevotella to three classes of antibiotics frequently prescribed for mixed aerobic-anaerobic infections.

Accepted: 
09 Jun, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Anti-Doping Knowledge in Barbadian Polyclinic Medical Staff

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.149
Synopsis: 
This manuscript explored the knowledge and confidence of Barbadian polyclinic doctors when dealing with anti-doping issues. It also assesses the uptake of recent anti-doping educational interventions within the same group.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Studies worldwide have shown that physicians in general practice often do not have adequate knowledge or confidence in relation to anti-doping issues in sport. There is little information on this topic for the Caribbean region and this study sought to explore Barbadian polyclinic doctors’ knowledge in relation to anti-doping.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Feeding Problems in Children Aged Two to Six Years and Related Factors

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.141
Synopsis: 
Inappropriate feeding behaviours are frequent in early childhood, parents often do not consider their children’s "overweight" status as a problem, and this children can be underweight, normal or overweight. So whatever the child's anthropometric measurements are, problematic feeding behaviors should be assessed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of our study is to assess the nutritional patterns of the study and the control group while addressing the affecting factors to find out the correlations with anthropometric measurements. The study group consists of 2-6-years-old children who were brought to the hospital for refusing to eat and the control group is composed of children without feeding problems.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Barriers to Informal Caregiving of Persons Living with Dementia in Barbados: A Phenomenological Inquiry

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.142
Pages: 
206-11
Synopsis: 
This paper qualitatively explored the barriers faced by informal caregivers of persons living with dementia in Barbados.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the barriers of primary informal caregivers to caring for persons living with dementia (PLWDs) in Barbados.

Methods: A qualitative, phenomenological methodology was adopted. Eight in-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted with primary informal caregivers of PLWDs. Transcripts were analysed according to Giorgi’s four-step phenomenological framework.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Hearing Evaluation in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.150
Synopsis: 
The study investigated the hearing functions of children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Tympanogram, pure tone audiogram, and transient evoked otoacoustic emission tests were performed to all subjects. According to the PTA results, mean hearing threshold values were found significantly higher in children with Type 1 diabetes compared to the control group. We recommend that Type 1 diabetic children should be kept under monitoring in terms of hearing functions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia deriving from a defect in insulin secretion, insulin effect, or both. Varying levels of hearing loss may occur in patients with Type 1 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hearing functions of children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. At the same time, we also intended to examine the relationship between hearing loss and age at onset of diabetes, duration of diabetes and HbA1c levels.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Arthrography in Detecting Rotator Cuff Tears

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.154
Pages: 
143-7
Synopsis: 
Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and are responsible for substantial loss of productivity and health-related costs. This study evaluated the authors’ experience with magnetic resonance arthrography and proposed diagnostic algorithms.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Pages

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