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Original Articles

Damage Index in 110 Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.151
Synopsis: 
This study determined damage in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus using Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) damage index. Musculoskeletal system and osteoporosis were the most common manifestations of damage index in our patients.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) damage index among systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to investigate the prevalence of each component of SLICC/ACR damage index.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Surgical Management of Renal Cell Carcinoma with Inferior Vena Cava Tumour Thrombus

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.025
Synopsis: 
Surgical techniques for the management of renal cell carcinoma have undertaken numerous modifications in order to minimize trauma, facilitate complete removal of tumours and promote long-term survival. Recently, minimally invasive approaches have been developed and successfully applied in the patients. As a result, patients’ survival has been considerably improved.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus involving the inferior vena cava is a refractory condition, on which debates remain in terms of choices of surgical treatment as well as survival. This article aims to present the recent development of the surgical management and the prognosis of this condition.

Accepted: 
10 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Family Structure, Parental Monitoring and Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Jamaica: Findings from Nationally Representative Data

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.212
Pages: 
536-45
Synopsis: 
This study analysed the role of the family as a determinant of marijuana use among the Jamaican secondary school population. Results demonstrated that parental involvement carried more weight in influencing marijuana use than family structure and gender which showed no significant difference.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Marijuana misuse by adolescents is a social and public mental health problem in Jamaica and globally. Research has suggested that family structure is one of the factors that influences adolescents’ consumption of marijuana. This study was undertaken to determine if family structure and parental monitoring had any association with marijuana use among adolescents in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
23 Oct, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 30 Nov, 2017

Effect of Hydro-alcoholic Extract from Prosopis Farcta Leaves on Liver Injury Caused by High-fat Diet in Rats

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.507
Pages: 
13-9
Synopsis: 
The hydro-alcoholic extract of the leaves of Prosopis farcta was evaluated for hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities in rats submitted to a high-fat diet. Oral administration of extract of Prosopis farcta leaves resulted in significant amelioration of the altered indices.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Prosopis farcta (P farcta) leaves on high fat diet-fed (HFDF) rats.

Revised: 
13 Jun, 2017
Accepted: 
13 Nov, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 15 Nov, 2017

The Use of Phase Contrast Microscopy to Identify Bacteriuria and Hence Predict Cultures Indicative of Urinary Tract Infections

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.101
Synopsis: 
A study that supports the use of phase contrast microscopy as a reliable test with high sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values in the rapid diagnosis of urinary tract infections.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine whether phase contrast microscopy of uncentrifuged urine specimens could rapidly and accurately identify bacteriuria and predict microbiology culture results.

Methods: A prospective study was performed at the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of the EWMSC, Trinidad. Urine samples were examined via phase contrast microscopy at the time of culture.

Accepted: 
13 Nov, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Nov, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Factors Associated with Physical Activity in Jamaicans with Cardiovascular Disease

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.112
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
Not enough research has been conducted on the factors influencing physical activity participation in Jamaica. This study examined factors (social support, exercise barriers, and benefits) associated with physical activity level in Jamaicans with cardiovascular disease.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Jamaica. Physical activity participation has positive effects on some risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Despite this, many remain physically inactive. This study examined factors (social support, exercise barriers, and benefits) associated with physical activity level in Jamaicans with cardiovascular disease.

Accepted: 
13 Nov, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 15 Nov, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

When Mathematics and Medicine Unite - A Review of the Use of Deterministic Compartmental Models in Epidemiology

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.113
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the use of deterministic compartmental models in epidemiology and the usefulness of the basic reproduction number and contact rate and their relationship to disease eradication. The construction of the three compartment [SIR] model is examined and its mathematical description and underlying assumptions discussed. The application of the derived variables to common diseases is discussed.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
13 Nov, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Nov, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Cannabis Use among Secondary School Students in Jamaica: Factors Associated with Age of Initiation

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.214
Pages: 
546-52
Synopsis: 
The aim of the study was to determine whether perception of risk and accessibility of cannabis predicted the age of initiation of cannabis among secondary school students in Jamaica. Whereas there was a significant inverse association between grade level in school and age of initiation, perceptions of access did not predict the age of initiation of cannabis.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
23 Oct, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2017

Associations between Cannabis Use and Multiple Substance Use among High School Students in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.213
Pages: 
529-35
Synopsis: 
Based on the data analysed from the National Secondary School Survey 2013, Jamaica, lifetime cannabis use was significantly associated with multiple substance use and was shown to be a risk factor for lifetime use of cigarettes and alcohol. However, adolescents who reported recent (past-month) use of cannabis were less likely to report recent use of alcohol and cigarettes.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cigarettes, alcohol, cannabis, inhalants and cocaine are the most commonly used substances among high school students in Jamaica. However, there is limited evidence on their co-use and whether the use of one drug predicts the use of the others (multiple substance use). This study aimed to determine whether cannabis use predicts the co-use of the other substances.

Accepted: 
23 Oct, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2017

Pages

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