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Newborn

Trends of Microcephaly and Severe Arthrogryposis in Three Urban Hospitals following the Zika, Chikungunya and Dengue Fever Epidemics of 2016 in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.124
Pages: 
10–9
Synopsis: 
Newborns with the characteristics of congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus (CSAZ) are being born in urban hospitals after the 2016 Zika virus epidemic in Jamaica. Phenotypic features include microcephaly, craniofacial disproportion, neuro-imaging and neuro-pathological findings and arthrogryposis. A trend towards babies being delivered with small head circumferences, but not yet in the range of microcephaly and others with normal head sizes who were born to women who were symptomatic in pregnancy is also being observed. While, most babies with probable CSAZ are being born to asymptomatic women who did not report any symptoms related to arbovirus illness in pregnancy. Diagnosis is challenged by serological cross-reactivity between circulating flaviviruses. Team management is multidisciplinary to maximize the neuro-developmental potential of this vulnerable patient population.
ABSTRACT
 
Introduction: Jamaica experienced its maiden Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in 2016, while dengue (serotypes 3 and 4) and chikungunya were also circulating.
 
Aim: We describe initial trends in microcephaly and arthrogryposis observed by the clinicians from three urban birthing facilities during late 2016 to early 2017.
Accepted: 
12 Jun, 2017
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 12 Jun, 2017

Latitude Gradients and Secular Trends in Sex Ratios at Birth: Europe and North America and a Global Overview

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.093
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
The sex ratio at birth is in overall decline in Europe and North America. However, this decline has reversed in Mexico and stabilised in the United States. There was a temporary significant rise in M/F in Central Europe following Chernobyl.

ABSTRACT

Objective: In all continents, latitude gradients and secular trends have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births), which is anticipated to approximate 0.515.

Methods: Annual national data for countries comprising Europe and North America for male and female live births were obtained from the World Health Organisation and analysed with contingency tables.

Accepted: 
01 May, 2017
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 18 May, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Urticaria Due to Cow’s Milk Allergy in an Exclusively Breast-fed Newborn

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.422
Pages: 
292-3

 

The Editor,

Sir,

Revised: 
17 Nov, 2015
Accepted: 
20 Nov, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 31 Mar, 2016

Seasonal Variation by Race in the Male to Female Ratio at Birth in the United States

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.279
Synopsis: 
Births by gender and by race for 2003-13 for the US showed more male births in Asians, followed byWhites and American Indian/Alaska Native populations. Significant seasonality was present (June peak) for Whites more than Black/African American.

ABSTRACT

Objective: In humans, male exceed female live births. This ratio is conventionally referred to (M/F) male to female ratio and is used to denote male divided by total births. This ratio is influenced by a large number of factors and has been shown to exhibit seasonality. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether seasonal variation in M/F exists in United States and whether such variations are influenced by race.

Accepted: 
30 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 24 Mar, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Plasma Kisspeptin Levels in Hypothyroidism and Premature Newborns

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.287
Pages: 
525-28
Synopsis: 
Kisspeptin may play a role clarification in the newborn period of various changes. A statistically significant kisspeptin levels was determined between hypothyroid and the control groups and also a statistically significant kisspeptin levels was seen between the premature and control groups.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine kisspeptin levels in healthy newborns and to show whether there is significant difference kisspeptin levels between males and females in hypothyroid newborns and healthy term newborns.

Accepted: 
30 Jun, 2015
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Mar, 2016

Retrospective Typology of Paediatric Emergency Visits in One-year: Sakarya/ Turkey

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.382
Synopsis: 
Visits of newborns to the paediatric Emergency Department of Sakarya University Maternity and Paediatric Hospital during 2014 were because of non-serious diseases, mainly due to insufficient briefing during discharge and limitations of primary care.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
09 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 12 Feb, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Labour Pain Management with Water Immersion

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.407
Pages: 
46-51
Synopsis: 
Pain in childbirth and its control is one of the main concerns of health workers. Immersion in water during labour seemed a useful, economical and safe method for the management of pain in childbirth.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of water immersion on labour and delivery and on the health of the mother and the newborn.

Accepted: 
11 Sep, 2015
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 14 Jan, 2016

Cytomegalovirus Identification in Blood and Urine of Newborns by Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.378
Pages: 
291–4
Synopsis: 
Identification of cytomegalovirus in newborns (congenital) by molecular biology methods polymerase chain reaction was more feasible using urine collection which is less invasive. The procedure, though laborious, is less expensive and more efficient compared to the use blood or blood culture.

 

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Knowing the frequency of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in newborn admitted to the Division of Neonatology, analysed by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA detection differences in blood and urine specimens.

Methods:  The study was carried out for eight months. Newborns (n = 520) hospitalized in five hospitals in Campo Grande-MS were CMV checked. 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2014
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 May, 2015

Comparison of Cerebral Oximeter and Pulse Oximeter Values in the First 72 Hours in Premature, Asphyctic and Healthy Newborns

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.033
Pages: 
698–702
Synopsis: 
Cerebral oximeter is a promising modality in bedside monitoring in neonatal intensive care units. It is complementary to pulse oximeter and may be used routinely in neonatal intensive care units.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The monitoring of oxygenation is essential for providing patient safety and optimal results. We aimed to determine brain oxygen saturation values in healthy, asphyctic and premature newborns and to compare cerebral oximeter and pulse oximeter values in the first 72 hours of life in neonatal intensive care units.

Accepted: 
02 Apr, 2014
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e-Published: 03 Sep, 2014

The Evaluation of the Effects of Paternal and Maternal Silent Coeliac Disease on Birthweight and Gestational Age in Newborns

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.166
Pages: 
470–3
Synopsis: 
Silent coeliac disease may occur in parents especially in mothers of preterm and small gestational age infants even in the absence of apparent clinical indications.
ABSTRACT
 

Objective: Coeliac disease is a chronic disease and is common all over the world. It has many other associated systemic side effects. This study investigated the effect of paternal and maternal  silent coeliac disease on birthweight and gestational age in newborns.

Accepted: 
16 Oct, 2013
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 10 Jun, 2014

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